Ramadan

Ramadan

Significance of Ramadan & Fasting

Ramadan – This word literally means “One that Burns” According to scholars, in this month the Sins are burnt away… therefore it is called Ramadan.

• The Month of Ramadan begins when the new Crescent is sighted on the 29th of Shabaan, otherwise it starts after the 30 days of Shabaan are completed.

• It is the month during which prophet hood was granted to Muhammad (sallalahu alayhe wasallam)

• Quran was revealed in this month.

• The Lailatul Qadr, the night which is better than a thousand months falls in this month.

• Battle of Badr was fought in this month

• Makkah was recaptured by the Muslims in this month.

• The doors of heaven are opened in this month and the doors of hell are closed.

• Devils are chained in this month.

• Mercy is poured down to Earth.

Fasting was prescribed on the previous nations also and is obligatory on the Muslims.

O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous.(Quran 2: 183)

The word “saum” is used for fasting in Arabic and its literal meaning is “to stop” or“to bring to a halt”. Thus it means to stop oneself from things which break the fast from dawn to dusk. F asting is obligatory on every adult, sane Muslim who has the ability to fast.

Superiority of Ramadan and Dhul-Hijjah

The Prophet (saw) said, “The two months of ‘Id i.e. Ramadan and Dhul-Hijja, do not decrease (in superiority).” (Bukhari)

 

Fasting is only for Allah and its reward is only with Allah

The Prophet (saw) said, “(Allah said), ‘Every good deed of Adam’s son is for him except fasting; it is for Me. and I shall reward (the fasting person) for it. (Bukhari)

Two Pleasures for a fasting person

Prophet (saw) said: “There are two pleasures for the fasting person, one at the time of breaking his fast, and the other at the time when he will meet his Lord; then he will be pleased because of his fasting.”(Bukhari)

Allah loves the smell of the mouth of a fasting person

Prophet (saw) said, “Verily, the smell of the mouth of a fasting person is better to Allah than the smell of musk.” (Bukhari)

Ar-Raiyan is a special gate in Paradise exclusively for those who fast

The Prophet said, “There is a gate in Paradise called Ar-Raiyan, and those who observe fasts will enter through it on the Day of Resurrection and none except them will enter through it.”(Bukhari)

Sincere Fasting and Night Prayers erases all past sins

The Prophet (saw) said, “Whoever established prayers on the night of Qadr out of sincere faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven; and whoever fasts in the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.”

The Prophet (saw) said: “Whoever establishes prayers during the nights of Ramadan faithfully out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah’s rewards (not for showing off), all his past sins will be forgiven.” (Bukhari)

Gates of Paradise are opened , Gates of Hell are closed and devils are chained

The Prophet (saw) said, “When the month of Ramadan comes, the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of the (Hell) Fire are closed, and the devils are chained.”(Bukhari)

 

Children Activity Ideas

  • sight the moon

    try to sight the moon from a elevated location in your neighborhood.
    memorize and say the dua for sighting the new moon.

  • review the pillars of islam

    recycle paper towel or toilet paper rolls to create the five pillars of islam.
    http://www.crayola.com/lesson-plans/detail/pillars-of-islam-lesson-plan/

  • good deeds calendar

    make a calendar of good deeds that children can do everyday.
    they can be as simple as hugging a sibling or eating everything on their plate at dinner.
    SmartArk has an cute, colorful printable good deeds Ramadan calendar.
    http://www.crayola.com/lesson-plans/detail/good-deeds-calendar-lesson-plan/

  • star and crescent cookies

    bake star and crescent sugar cookies for your neighbors and attach a little note about ramadhan.
    http://ramadanjoy.com/peace-cookies/

  • sadaqah jar

    make and decorate a sadaqah jar or box from, for example, an empty pasta sauce jar or tissue box.
    collect coins from around the house, in the neighborhood, or allowances.
    give it to a needy person at eid.

  • fasting chain

    use construction paper to cut strips and make a fasting chain for the family or each person fasting.
    you can make 29/30 strips to countdown or add on a strip a day.

  • prepare to break the fast

    give your child the responsibility to fill a small dish with dates each evening and distribute the dates to each fasting person at iftar.

  • pillowcase prayer rugs

    decorate a pillow case with fabric paint.

  • make your own dhikr beads

    use string and plastic beads to make dhikr beads.
    try to remember as many names of Allah as you can.

  • ka’ba pop-up cards

    make ka’ba pop-up cards for ramadhan or eid to give to friends and family

  • tin can luminary

    make your own tin can luminary using a can opener, hammer and screwdriver to make the holes.
    light the luminary during the night of lailat alQadr and last 10 nights of ramadan.

  • moon phase calendar

    there are several variations of varying complexity.
    some even include sewing.
    the most simple one is make a calendar
    from dark-colored paper or poster board
    and cut out the shape of the moon every day.

  • read books about ramadhan and eid

    check out library books about ramadhan and eid
    or buy them for your own library.

  • good deeds list

    make a list of good things that each child wants to do during ramadhan
    then try to do at least one of them each day;
    or help your child keep a list of their own good deeds during ramadhan.

  • ramadhan words

    define, write and use these words on a daily basis: sawm, suhoor, iftar, hilal, ramadhan, hijri calendar, eid ulFitr, zakah / zakat ulFitr, salatul taraweeh, ihtikaf

  • kid’s iftar / sahoor

    let the children plan, shop for, and then prepare suhoor and / or iftar.

  • memorize ayat 2:183

    يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

    O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint

  • Ramadhan drum: recycle an oatmeal container or coffee can to make a drum to wake up your family for sahoor or use for ramadhan songs and eid celebrations.
  • Light up the house: inside or outside the house and turn them on every night at maghrib.
  • eid costume party

  • make a ramadan bookmark

    since we’ll be reading the entire quran, make a beautiful handmade bookmark to help keep your place.

  • memorize the dua’ for breaking the fast

    اللَّهُمَّ اِنِّى لَكَ صُمْتُ وَبِكَ امنْتُ [وَعَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْتُ] وَعَلَى رِزْقِكَ اَفْطَرْتُ
    O Allah! I fasted for You and I believe in You [and I put my trust in You] and I break my fast with Your sustenance

    or

    اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسأَلُكَ بِرَحْمَتِكَ الَّتِي وَسِعَتْ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ أَنْ تَغْفِرَ لِي
    O Allah, I ask You by Your mercy which envelopes all things, that You forgive me.

  • learn about the phases of the moon

    the moon seems to change by dr. franklyn m. branley

  • read from quran why we fast ramadhan

    AlBaqarah 2:183-5

    يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

    أَيَّامًا مَّعْدُودَاتٍ فَمَن كَانَ مِنكُم مَّرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ وَعَلَى الَّذِينَ يُطِيقُونَهُ فِدْيَةٌ طَعَامُ مِسْكِينٍ فَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّهُ وَأَن تَصُومُواْ خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ إِن كُنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

    شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِيَ أُنزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ هُدًى لِّلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَاتٍ مِّنَ الْهُدَى وَالْفُرْقَانِ فَمَن شَهِدَ مِنكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَى سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ يُرِيدُ اللّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلاَ يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ وَلِتُكْمِلُواْ الْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُواْ اللّهَ عَلَى مَا هَدَاكُمْ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ

    O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint,

    (Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (Should be made up) from days later. For those who can do it (With hardship), is a ransom, the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that will give more, of his own free will,- it is better for him. And it is better for you that ye fast, if ye only knew.

    Ramadhan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur’an, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong). So every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting, but if any one is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (Should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you; He does not want to put to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.

  • moon and crescent beads

    using craft wire, shape the wire into moon and crescent shapes. add colorful beads. use ribbon to hang from the ceiling.
    from ramadan crafts for kids by dana jadallah and dana amer

  • ramadhan / eid around the world

    learn about ramadhan / eid around the world.
    celebrate ramadan and eid al-fitr with praying, fasting, and charity
    by deborah heiligman and neguin Yavari
    celebrate ramadan and eid al-fitr with praying, fasting, and charity

  • ramadhan mosaic suncatcher

    http://www.highlightskids.com/Express/Crafts/Decorations/C1103_ramadanMosaic.asp
    ramadan mosaic suncatcher

  • make a fanoos

    http://edwomencan.wordpress.com/2008/08/14/ramadan-fanoos-template/
    fanoos

  • henna hands

    trace your child’s hands on paper. let them put henna on their hands with a red or brown marker.
    http://www.crayola.com/lesson-plans/detail/celebrate-with-henna-hands-lesson-plan/

  • enjoy eid ulFitr!

Source: 30 children’s activities for ramadan

 Productive Ramadan

Tip 1: Will you be Person A or Person B?

Tip 2: Time Blocking

Tip 3: Day by Day

Tip 4: Set Your MITs

Tip 5: Oh no! You missed Suhoor!?

Tip 6 : Productivity Begets Productivity

Tip 7: Routines

Tip 8: How to have a meaningful Ramadan

Tip 9: When you dont feel like it

Tip 10: How to Set Your MITs

Tip 11: Physical Sadaqah

Tip 12: Connect with Those in Need

Tip 13: Long-term Charity

Tip 14: An Appeal

Tip 15: Control Your Tongue

Tip 16: Reflect on Your Ramadan

Tip 17: How to make the most of the last 10 nights

Tip 18: Productive I’tikaf